Every part of tapioca can be used from young leaves to roots. It can be consumed as food by humans and animals. It can be processed into a variety of products for human and animal consumption. It can be converted into modified starch for further downstream industries. Thus use of tapioca falls into three main categories : direct consumption, processed products (tapioca chips, tapioca pellets and flour) and processed flour products (modified starch)
I. Fresh roots
a. For direct human consumption by steaming, roasting, baking and frying shareded tapioca. It can be processed into flour and used in cooking. It can be sliced into thin chips and then fried.
b. It can be used as animal feed, both from the fresh roots and waste from flour-making and tapioca skins.
a. For human consumption. Boiled leaves can be consumed with chilli paste or made into curry and soup.
b. For animal consumption. Sun-dried tapioca leaves can mix with concentrates for animal feed.
a. Stems can be used for re-planting.
b. For animal consumption. Stems can be cut into pieces, mixed with leaves and sun-dried for feeding animals.
c. Stems can be used as fence.
Seeds can be pressed and refined for use in pharmaceutical industries.